Question 1 – How many films were cut or banned between 1970 and 1984: 31 films were cut and banned between these years. Examples:
- Straw Dogs (1971-2002)
- Deep Throat (1972 – 2000)
- A Clockwork Orange (1973-1999)
- The Dirty Mind of Young Sally (1975-1986)
Question 2 – How many films were cut or banned between 2000 and 2015: 15 films were cut and banned between these years. Examples:
- Bumfights (2003-Present)
- The Texas Vibrator Massacre (2008-Present)
- Lost in The Hood (2010-Present)
- Hate Crime (2015-Present)
Question 3 – What do my results tell myslef about the nature of contemporary practices at the BBFC compared to past practices: The results say that the BBFC have become more aware towards want we want to view and film and how we will react when viewing it. As a nation we are more up towards viewing new formes or creative art. The horror from years ago isnt frieghtening towards us like they would have been at the time, we have been made unsensetive towards these films which is why the BBFC are there, so there are barriers.
- Human Rights Act (1998)
- Criminal Justice Act (2008)
- Race Relations Act (1976)
- Video Recordings Act (1984)
- Obscene Publications Act (1964)
- KEYWORD – Indecency
- The Animal Welfare Act (2006)
Who are they protecting?
- Minority Groups
Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) – This episode of Star Wars, being the 7th in the series. BBFC Insight state that the film included the following to get the 12 certificate for home release, and 12A for cinema release.
- VIOLENCE – There are frequent scenes of moderate violence, including use of blasters and lightsabers, and dogfights between spaceships. Sight of blood and injury detail is limited and brief.
- THREAT – Occasional scenes of moderate threat include characters being interrogated using ‘the Force’, which it is implied causes them pain, and characters being held at lightsaber-point. There is infrequent use of very mild bad language (‘hell’, ‘damn’).
Focus (2015) – This was a one of film starring Will Smith, a con-man; and Margot Robbie, as a young aspiring con-woman. BBFC Insight state that the film contained the following to receive a 15 rating for home and cinema release.
- LANGUAGE – There are over sixty uses of strong language (‘f**k’). There is also moderate and mild bad language, including uses of ‘ass’, ‘asshole’, ‘crap’, ‘dick’, ‘prick’, ‘shit’ and ‘son of a bitch’.
- VIOLENCE – In one scene a man is shot in the chest with a revolver. Blood is seen to pour from the entry wound.
- SEX – In a brief sex scene a man thrusts vigorously into the rear of a kneeling woman. Strong verbal sex references include the dialogue lines, “Every time you speak I smell vagina” and “I think we should start with oral”.
Edge Of Tomorrow (Live.Die.Repeat) (2014) – is a sci-fi action drama about an officer who is ordered to lead the front line defense against an advancing alien invasion. The film achieved a 12 on video and a 12A in cinema.
- VIOLENCE – There is sight of tentacled aliens being shot, hacked or blown up. Occasional streaks of blood are seen on faces, and a man is seen bleeding after being attacked. However, there is no focus on detail of blood or injury. A man’s face is seen briefly starting to melt after an alien attack but he survives without injury.
- THREAT – There is plenty of moderate threat, as soldiers face alien attacks, but the focus of the film is on the action and on overcoming the threat.
- LANGUAGE – There is one use of strong language (‘f**k’) and milder terms including ‘bitch’, ‘bastard’ and ‘son of a bitch’. The film also contains mild sex references and comic buttock nudity.
Grand Theft Auto IV (2008) –
- VIOLENCE – is a central theme of the game, with the featured characters able to carry out missions that invariably involve killing in return for money and other in-game rewards. The characters have access to a variety of weapons, including knives, baseball bats, snooker cues, a variety of handguns and long-barrelled weapons (assault rifles, machine-guns, shotguns and the ubiquitous sniper rifle), explosive charges, pipe bombs and rocket-propelled grenades. The player can also mow down pedestrians whilst driving any of the vast selection of motor vehicles or motor bikes that are available to him or her. There are blood spurts as people are shot and stabbed and pools of blood form on the ground. However, there is never any discernible injury detail and it is not possible to inflict post-mortem injuries, although there is considerable ragdolling as dead bodies are shot. The characters controlled by the player are able to attack and kill any other character in the game, including innocent bystanders.
- LANGUAGE – The Guidelines at ’15’ state that ‘There may be frequent use of strong language (for example, ‘fuck’). The strongest terms (for example, ‘cunt’) may be acceptable if justified by the context’. Although the frequent use of strong language in the game would have been acceptable at ‘15’, the (at least) four uses of very strong language that crop up in some of the cut scenes are better placed at the adult category.
- SEX – The game includes some sex scenes. The sex is quite strong, but always masked and the characters concerned are invariably fully clothed (no nudity). In cut scenes the Luis Lopez character is seen to be on the receiving end of oral sex (slumped on a chair with a woman’s head buried in his lap). The same character engages in sexual intercourse on at least two different occasions. For example he stands between a woman’s raised legs and thrusts into her and he also bends a woman over a desk and thrusts into her from the rear. The game also contains strong verbal sex references throughout and there is one scene of full frontal male nudity (without a sexual context).
Taxi Driver (1976) – is a about a Vietnam war veteran who becomes increasingly alienated by the sights he sees whilst driving around the streets of New York City.
- SEX – A man makes a verbal reference to shooting his adulterous wife in the vagina, and there are also references to having sex with a child. A character visits an adult cinema and a couple are seen having sex on the screen, but this is relatively discreet, with only a brief sight of buttock nudity and no strong detail.
- THEME – The main character attempts to form a friendship with a child prostitute. There are detailed verbal and visual references to prostitution, as well as a scene in which she attempts to seduce an adult.
- There are scenes of strong violence which include: sight of a man being beaten; a prolonged gun fight in which people are shot, and large blood spurts are visible upon impact; a man has a knife stabbed through his hand; and a man’s brains are seen sprayed across a wall after he has been shot. There is a single use of very strong language (‘c**t’), as well as frequent uses of strong language (‘f**k’). There are uses of racist language such as the terms ‘nigger’ and ‘jungle bunny’.